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15, 1929–April 4, 1968) was the charismatic leader of the U. He formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to coordinate nonviolent protests and delivered over than 2,500 speeches addressing racial injustice, but his life was cut short by an assassin in 1968. King lived with his parents, a sister, and a brother in the Victorian home of his maternal grandparents. He directed the year-long Montgomery bus boycott, which attracted scrutiny by a wary, divided nation, but his leadership and the resultant Supreme Court ruling against bus segregation brought him fame. 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, to Michael King Sr., pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church, and Alberta Williams, a Spelman College graduate and former schoolteacher.changed his and his son's name from Michael King to Martin Luther King, after the Protestant reformist. was inspired by Martin Luther's courage of confronting institutionalized evil. He was uncertain about following in the footsteps of the family's clergymen, questioning religion's relevance in addressing segregation and poverty among his people.King rebelled against a life of service to God, playing pool, drinking beer, and underachieving his first two years at Morehouse.Coretta hesitated about dating a minister but was persuaded when King said she had all the qualities he desired in a wife. King's father performed the ceremony at Coretta's family home in Marion, Alabama. King was invited to preach in Montgomery, Alabama, at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, which had a history of civil rights activism. King captivated the congregation and became the pastor in April 1954. Nixon, former head of the local NAACP chapter, and the Rev.When King arrived in Montgomery to join the Dexter Avenue church, Rosa Parks, secretary of the local NAACP chapter, had been arrested for refusing to relinquish her bus seat to a white man. 1, 1955, arrest presented the perfect opportunity to make a case for desegregating the transit system. Ralph Abernathy, a close friend of King, contacted King and other clergymen to plan a citywide bus boycott.
speaking before crowd of 25,000 Selma To Montgomery, Alabama civil rights marchers, in front of Montgomery, Alabama state capital building. When Martin's grandfather died in 1931, Martin's father became pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, serving for 44 years.By summer, thousands of public facilities nationwide were integrated, and companies began to hire blacks. Nearly 250,000 Americans listened to speeches by civil rights activists, but most had come for King.The resulting political climate pushed passage of civil rights legislation. Kennedy drafted the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson after Kennedy's assassination. The Kennedy administration, fearing violence, edited a speech by John Lewis of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and invited white organizations to participate, causing some blacks to denigrate the event. His speech started slowly, but King stopped reading from notes, either by inspiration or gospel singer Mahalia Jackson shouting, “Tell 'em about the dream, Martin!Because blacks comprised 90 percent of the passengers, most buses were empty.When the boycott ended 381 days later, Montgomery's transit system was nearly bankrupt. 20, 1956, the Supreme Court ruled that enforcing segregation on public transit was unconstitutional.