Dating violence casualties newspaper articles
Iraq launched Scud missiles against coalition military targets in Saudi Arabia and against Israel.Throughout the Cold War, Iraq had been an ally of the Soviet Union, and there was a history of friction between it and the United States.An array of nations joined the coalition, forming the largest military alliance since World War II.The great majority of the coalition's military forces were from the US, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order.The US remained officially neutral after Iraq's invasion of Iran in 1980, which became the Iran–Iraq War, although it provided resources, political support, and some "non-military" aircraft to Iraq.
The US also disliked Iraqi support for many Arab and Palestinian militant groups such as Abu Nidal, which led to Iraq's inclusion on the developing US list of State Sponsors of Terrorism on 29 December 1979.On 2 August 1990 the Iraqi Army invaded and occupied Kuwait, which was met with international condemnation and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council.Together with the UK prime minister Margaret Thatcher, who had resisted the invasion by Argentina of the Falkland Islands a decade earlier, American President George H. Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene.A pact of non-interference and non-aggression was signed between the countries, followed by a Kuwaiti-Iraqi deal for Iraq to supply Kuwait with water for drinking and irrigation, although a request for Kuwait to lease Iraq Umm Qasr was rejected.Saudi-backed development projects were hampered by Iraq's large debts, even with the demobilization of 200,000 soldiers.
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These events drew little notice outside the Arab world because of fast-moving events directly related to the fall of Communism in Eastern Europe.