Sayings about dating
However, Q may also contain material that is preserved only by Matthew or only by Luke (called "Sondergut") as well as material that is paralleled in Mark (called Mark/Q overlaps).
Although the temptation story and the healing of the centurion's son are usually ascribed to Q, the majority of the material consists of sayings.
The Semitic nature of Q's Greek does not demand an Aramaic Vorlage; influence from LXX is quite conceivable in a Greek-speaking Jewish-Christian milieu.A much discussed feature of Q arises out of Q's version of the mission charge.Here the Q missionaries are told to take absolutely nothing for their journey, not even the basic necessities of life such as food or clothing.Thus the conditions in which the Sayings Source originated included both continuity with the beginnings and with the developing congregational structures across the region. Mark wrote his story of Jesus some time after the war and shortly after Q had been revised with the Q3 additions. Q's characterization of Jesus as the all-knowing one could be used to enhance his authority as a self-referential speaker in the pronouncement stories Mark already had from his own community.(2) The Sayings Source presupposes persection of the young congregations by Palestinian Jews (cf. The notion of Jesus as the son of God could be used to create mystique, divide the house on the question of Jesus' true identity, and develop narrative anticipation, the device scholars call Mark's "messianic secret." The instruction for the workers in the harvest could be turned into a mission charge, and the theme of discipleship could be combined and given narrative profile by introducing a few disciples into the story.
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Even the sayings used for the original composition of Q were known and used elsewhere at an early date: they were known to Paul, were used in Corinth by his opponents, employed perhaps in easter Syria for the composition of the Gospel of Thomas, and quoted by 1 Clement in Rome at the end of the 1st century. For Mark, Q was extremely useful, for it had already positioned Jesus at the hinge of an epic-apocalyptic history, and it contained themes and narrative material that could easily be turned into a more eventful depiction of Jesus' public appearance.